Cannabis derived terpenes are the talk of the cannabis world. After years of common wisdom saying that THC concentrations determined the psychoactive effect of a cannabis strain, the consensus has shifted to give terpenes more of the credit.
Terpenes are chemical compounds that give cannabis plants their natural flavor and aroma. They’re not exclusive to cannabis—many of your favorite fruits and vegetables are rich in certain terpenes—but they do have unique effects as components of cannabis plants.
They affect how a strain smells and tastes. Additionally, they interact chemically with the CBD and THC in a cannabis plant, impacting how the strain will affect a person when smoked, inhaled, or consumed. If used in a CBD product without THC, terpenes can offer therapeutic benefits without causing a high.
There are 200 different terpenes in cannabis strains, and each strain can have up to 50 individual terpenes. Each has its own taste, aroma, and effects on the body.
Popular Cannabis Derived Terpenes
When you’re familiar with the most popular cannabis derived terpenes, you can make more educated choices about the best strain or CBD product for you. Here are some of the terpenes that you’re most likely to see on the commercial market.
An extremely common terpene, myrcene has a spicy, herbal, and slightly peppery aroma. Its effects are relaxing rather than stimulating, and it’s often used for its anti-anxiety properties. It may also be used as an anti-inflammatory agent.
Linalool’s flavor and aroma are light, floral, and slightly citrusy. Best known for its properties as a stress-relieving terpene, it is used to fight anxiety, depression and sometimes pain.
Known for its citrusy aroma, limonene can help to elevate the mood and reduce stress. It also has strong antibacterial and antifungal properties.
Pinene comes in two forms: alpha, which smells like pine, and beta, which has a more herbal aroma. It has a variety of medical uses, It is a known anti-inflammatory, anti-antiseptic, and bronchodilator, meaning that it improves airflow to the lungs. Moreover, it also aids memory and helps you to feel more alert.
Caryophyllene is another terpene with anti-anxiety and anti-depressant capabilities. Aso an anti-inflammatory with pain relief properties, it is known for its woodsy, peppery aroma.
Each of these terpenes contributes to the overall experience of a cannabis strain. They can also be isolated and added to CBD products as flavor, aroma, or experience enhancements.
How Are Cannabis Derived Terpenes Used?
Many people use terpenes in their natural form. They choose a cannabis strain based on its terpene profile, specifically to experience the aroma, flavor, and/or therapeutic effects of the terpenes it contains.
Terpenes are also used as commercial additives. Many manufacturers add terpenes to CBD concentrates to create a certain experience for the user. For example, if a manufacturer wants to market a product that wakes you up and helps you focus, limonene and pinene would be the additives to consider.
Another option is to add cannabis derived terpenes to CBD products at home. Doing it this way, you can completely customize your cannabis experience. You can choose your terpenes based on the aroma, flavor, or effect that you want, but consider all of these properties before you add a particular terpene to your mix.
Some people prefer to buy pre-blended terpene mixes, while others like to order custom formulations. That’s the best part of the terpene life—you get to do it your way.